This study focuses on a carbon capture and utilization (CCU) technology to fix carbon dioxide (CO2), with an emphasis on producing a useable product while lowering the energy consumed in the process. The amines monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, and methyl diethanolamine were employed to rapidly convert gaseous CO2 to aqueous CO2, and BaCl2 was added as a source of metal ions to react with the aqueous CO2 and rapidly form a precipitate. We repeated this absorption-conversion-precipitation-separation-desorption sequence twice. All experiments were conducted at 303.15K and 1atm, except for the desorption process that was used to assess the residual CO2 in the solution. We measured the amount of fixed CO2 and the characteristics of the BaCO3 precipitates. By X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy analyses, the precipitates exhibited the witherite morphology. The particle sizes of the second-batch precipitates were larger than those from the first batch. These results confirmed that the concentration of the supplied metal ions was important for controlling the precipitation. Finally, we showed that the particle size of the carbonate precipitates, which are used in various industries, can be controlled during their formation. Barium showed a similar potential to magnesium and calcium for fixing CO2.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Research Project of the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and future Planning.
This work was supported by the Human Resources Program in Energy Technology of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning ( KETEP ), granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy , Republic of Korea (No. 20154010200810 ).
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering