Due to its flexibility, transparency, easy fabrication, and high negative polarity, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) has been considered as one of the most appropriate materials for the use in triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) applications. Here, we report the significantly enhanced triboelectric surface charge of PDMS simply by sprinkling of NaOH solution. Fresh PDMS-based TENGs generated an open-circuit voltage of 3.8V and a closed-circuit current of 65nA after the contact/separation from an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. After sprinkling the PDMS surface with 1M NaOH, in contrast, the resulting TENG generated voltage of 10.4V and current of 179nA. Exposing the PDMS to ultraviolet-ozone prior to sprinkling with NaOH solution resulted in a triboelectric voltage and current of 49.3V and 1.16μA, respectively, which are almost 15-fold larger than those of fresh PDMS. The origin of the enhanced triboelectric charge is related with an increase of polar SiO bonds at the expense of non-polar Si-CH3 bonds in PDMS. This work demonstrates a cost-effective method for producing large-area and high-efficiency PDMS-based TENGs and helps clarify the triboelectric mechanism of PDMS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering