Batch and continuous biogenic hydrogen fermentation of acid pretreated de-oiled jatropha waste (DJW) hydrolysate

Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Periysamy Sivagurunathan, Chin Chao Chen, Chiu Yue Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an attempt to tailor the efficient hydrogen fermentation from hydrochloric acid-pretreated hydrolysate of de-oiled jatropha waste (DJW), batch tests were conducted to find the optimal hydrolysate concentration, temperature and pH. The optimal values were found as 10.2 g reducing sugar (RS) per L, 37 °C and 5.0, which were subsequently applied in a CSTR (continuously stirred tank reactor) using suspended biomass at various hydraulic retention times (HRTs). Peak hydrogen production rate (HPR) values were 0.86 L H2 per L per d and 0.15 L H2 per L per d from batch and CSTR operations, respectively. Lowering HRT (at 24 h) resulted in the wash-out of microbial biomass. Pretreatment enlarged the pore size of the unhydrolyzed biomass (UHB) from 0.6 to 3.9 mm3 g-1. The structural characterization of the unhydrolyzed biomass (UHB) was assessed via SEM, XRD and FTIR and BET. BET hysteresis loops proved that increased pore size might be attributed to better accessibility of microbes for enhancing hydrogen production performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45482-45491
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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Fermentation
Hydrogen
Biomass
Acids
Hydrogen production
Pore size
Hydraulics
Reactor operation
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrochloric acid
Hysteresis loops
Sugars
Scanning electron microscopy
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kumar, Gopalakrishnan ; Sivagurunathan, Periysamy ; Chen, Chin Chao ; Lin, Chiu Yue. / Batch and continuous biogenic hydrogen fermentation of acid pretreated de-oiled jatropha waste (DJW) hydrolysate. In: RSC Advances. 2016 ; Vol. 6, No. 51. pp. 45482-45491.
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Batch and continuous biogenic hydrogen fermentation of acid pretreated de-oiled jatropha waste (DJW) hydrolysate. / Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Sivagurunathan, Periysamy; Chen, Chin Chao; Lin, Chiu Yue.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 6, No. 51, 01.01.2016, p. 45482-45491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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