Resveratrol has been shown to induce anti-proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer cell lines. In the present study, we determined the effect of high intracellular levels of the anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 on caspase-3 activation, PLC-γ1 degradation and cytochrome c release during resveratrol-induced apoptosis. For this, we used U937/vector and U937/Bcl-2 cells, which were generated by transfection of the cDNA of the Bcl-2 gene. As compared with U937/vector, U937/Bcl-2 cells exhibited a 4-fold greater expression of Bcl-2. Treatment with 60 or 100 μM resveratrol for 24 h produced morphological features of apoptosis and DNA fragmentation in U937/vector cells, respectively. This was associated with caspase-3 activation and PLC-γ1 degradation. In contrast, resveratrol-induced caspase-3 activation and PLC-γ1 degradation and apoptosis were significantly inhibited in U937/Bcl-2 cells. Bcl-2 overexpressing cells exhibited less cytochrome c release and sustained expression levels of the IAP proteins during resveratrol-induced apoptosis. In addition, these findings indicate that Bcl-2 inhibits resveratrol-induced apoptosis by a mechanism that interferes with cytochrome c release and activity of caspase-3 that is involved in the execution of apoptosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research