Behavior problems and personality in Korean high school students

Soo Jin Lee, Soo Hyun Park, C. Robert Cloninger, Han Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction. Extant studies have examined the effect of psychological characteristics on clinical features that define behavior problems. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of temperament and character as both individual factors and complex profiles on behavior problems in a community sample of adolescents. Methods. Behavior problems and personality of 670 Korean high school students were measured with the Youth Self-Report (YSR) and Junior version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI). Stepwise regression analysis analyzed the effects of JTCI character and temperament traits on YSR Total, Internalizing and Externalizing subscale scores, and Profile Analysis examined differences of JTCI personality profiles among three latent YSR subscale profiles acquired from Latent Profile Analysis. Results. Seven subscales of the JTCI explained 38% of the YSR total degree of behavior problems, and JTCI Novelty-Seeking and Harm-Avoidance were found to account for vulnerability while JTCI Reward-Dependence and Self-Directedness explained resilience to behavior problems. There were three distinct latent YSR profile groups based on nine YSR subscales, and low behavior problem group showed a resilient personality profile characterized by low Novelty-Seeking and Harm-Avoidance and high Reward-Dependence, Persistence, Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness while high behavior problem group exhibited a vulnerable personality profile of the opposite tendency. Discussion. Temperament and character explained behavior problems of Korean high school students as both individual personality traits and a complex personality profile. The results and implications of this study were examined in regard to mental health of adolescents, and the importance of education in the development of mature personality are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere6106
JournalPeerJ
Volume2018
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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high school students
behavior problems
temperament
Temperament
Personality
Students
Self Report
Regression analysis
Education
Health
Equipment and Supplies
Reward
Personality Development
Problem Behavior
Personality Inventory
mental health
education
Mental Health
regression analysis
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Lee, Soo Jin ; Park, Soo Hyun ; Robert Cloninger, C. ; Chae, Han. / Behavior problems and personality in Korean high school students. In: PeerJ. 2018 ; Vol. 2018, No. 12.
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Lee, SJ, Park, SH, Robert Cloninger, C & Chae, H 2018, 'Behavior problems and personality in Korean high school students', PeerJ, vol. 2018, no. 12, e6106. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6106

Behavior problems and personality in Korean high school students. / Lee, Soo Jin; Park, Soo Hyun; Robert Cloninger, C.; Chae, Han.

In: PeerJ, Vol. 2018, No. 12, e6106, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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