Since care providers’ behavior could be related to resistiveness to care (RTC) among persons living with dementia, developing care providers' behavioral strategies to reduce or prevent RTC is required. This study examined whether care providers’ person-centered or task-centered behaviors were related to RTC. A secondary data analysis was conducted using 70 videos of 23 persons living with dementia who received routine oral care in long-term care settings. Data were analyzed using linear mixed models. Among task-centered behaviors, “physically controlling” significantly increased RTC. For person-centered behaviors, “cooperatively negotiating” increased RTC, while “assessing comfort” decreased RTC. Care providers need to consider the comfort or needs of persons living with dementia rather than physically controlling them in oral care situations. These findings may offer insight into the context of RTC occurrences to provide more comfortable oral care for persons living with dementia.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education [grant numbers NRF-2017R1D1A1B03028534 & NRF-2020R1A6A1A03041989 ].
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