The purposes of stitching multi-axial warp knitted fabric preform prior to the fabrication of the composite materials by resin-transfer molding technique are to improve the resistance to delamination and to increase the out-of-plane properties of the composite materials for structural integrity. The influence of the through-the-thickness stitching on the elastic properties and behaviors of the multi-axial warp knit fabric composites is studied. An analytical model based on the representative volume is proposed to predict the elastic properties of the stitched multi-axial warp knit fabric composite materials. The fiber volume ratios determined by geometric parameters set by the representative volume and elastic behaviors of the in-situ constituent materials are used for the predictions. The crucial step in the analysis is to correlate the averaged stress states in the constituents by adopting bridging matrix. The predicted results are compared with the experimental results. It is found that the predicted results are in reasonably good agreement with the experimental results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering