Background: Belotecan is a topoisomerase I inhibitor. This phase II trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of belotecan in relapsing small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients after irinotecan failure. Patients and methods: SCLC patients, who had relapsed at least 3 months after achieving objective response to irinotecan plus platinum chemotherapy, were eligible. Belotecan was administered at a dose of 0.5mg/m2/day for 5 consecutive days every 3 weeks. Results: Twenty-seven patients were enrolled in this study. Twenty-five patients were evaluated for response, and 27 patients were evaluated for toxicity and survival. The overall response rate was 22%. The median time to progression was 4.7 months (95% CI, 3.6-5.8 months), and the median overall survival was 13.1 months (95% CI, 10.4-15.8 months). The most frequent grade 3/4 toxicities were neutropenia (93%) and thrombocytopenia (48%). There was one treatment-related death due to pneumonia. Conclusion: Belotecan showed modest activity and manageable toxicities in relapsing SCLC patients in this study which was conducted in Asia. But further study in Caucasian patients is needed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research