Benchmark performance of low-cost Sb2Se3 photocathodes for unassisted solar overall water splitting

Wooseok Yang, Jin Hyun Kim, Oliver S. Hutter, Laurie J. Phillips, Jeiwan Tan, Jaemin Park, Hyungsoo Lee, Jonathan D. Major, Jae Sung Lee, Jooho Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Determining cost-effective semiconductors exhibiting desirable properties for commercial photoelectrochemical water splitting remains a challenge. Herein, we report a Sb2Se3 semiconductor that satisfies most requirements for an ideal high-performance photoelectrode, including a small band gap and favourable cost, optoelectronic properties, processability, and photocorrosion stability. Strong anisotropy, a major issue for Sb2Se3, is resolved by suppressing growth kinetics via close space sublimation to obtain high-quality compact thin films with favourable crystallographic orientation. The Sb2Se3 photocathode exhibits a high photocurrent density of almost 30 mA cm−2 at 0 V against the reversible hydrogen electrode, the highest value so far. We demonstrate unassisted solar overall water splitting by combining the optimised Sb2Se3 photocathode with a BiVO4 photoanode, achieving a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 1.5% with stability over 10 h under simulated 1 sun conditions employing a broad range of solar fluxes. Low-cost Sb2Se3 can thus be an attractive breakthrough material for commercial solar fuel production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number861
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Benchmark performance of low-cost Sb<sub>2</sub>Se<sub>3</sub> photocathodes for unassisted solar overall water splitting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Yang, W., Kim, J. H., Hutter, O. S., Phillips, L. J., Tan, J., Park, J., Lee, H., Major, J. D., Lee, J. S., & Moon, J. (2020). Benchmark performance of low-cost Sb2Se3 photocathodes for unassisted solar overall water splitting. Nature communications, 11(1), [861]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14704-3