Benefits of curvilinear straight steel fibers on the rate-dependent pullout resistance of ultra-high-performance concrete

Jae Jin Kim, Doo Yeol Yoo, Nemkumar Banthia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines the effectiveness of using curvilinear steel fibers to enhance the pullout resistance of conventional straight steel (S-) fiber for an ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) matrix. Because structures composed of UHPC are subjected to various loading conditions and have random fiber orientations, three different loading rates ranging from static (0.018 mm/s) to impact (up to 906.2 mm/s) and two inclination angles of 0° and 45° were adopted. To fabricate the novel curvilinear steel fibers, five different curvatures were also utilized. Test results indicated that the curvilinear fibers provided a clearly higher pullout resistance than that of the conventional S-fiber, and the effectiveness increased with the curvature, regardless of the inclination angle and loading rate. Higher bond strengths were obtained for the S- and curvilinear fibers when they were inclined at 45° rather than aligned. In general, the bond strengths and pullout energies of the S- and curvilinear fibers in UHPC were improved by increasing the loading rate, and a higher loading rate sensitivity on the bond strengths was observed in aligned fibers than in inclined fibers. The matrix spalling phenomenon was only observed in an inclined state and became more significant with an increasing curvature and loading rate. The developed curvilinear fibers provided noticeably smaller matrix spalling areas than the conventional deformed steel fibers under both static and impact conditions, owing to the mitigated stress concentration. Thus, these may be worthy of attention as a novel reinforcing fiber type for UHPC composites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103965
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIT ) (No. 2017R1C1B2007589 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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