Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate and compare treatment outcomes for endoscopic resection of sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) with or without the use of a navigation system. Materials and methods: A total of 58 patients who underwent endoscopic resection of sinonasal inverted papilloma by a single surgeon from 2007 to 2016 at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. Depending on the use of the navigation system, subjects were divided into two groups: a conventional endoscopic resection group without navigation system (CER group) and a navigation-assisted endoscopic resection group (NER group). Results: There were 24 patients (41.4%) in the CER group and 34 patients (58.6%) in the NER group. Treatment outcomes showed that navigation-assisted endoscopic resection was a more beneficial surgical technique than conventional endoscopic resection for sinonasal IP. Post-surgical recurrence was noted in seven cases (29.2%) in the CER group and two cases (5.9%) in the NER group. Accordingly, the recurrence rate was significantly less in the NER group compared to the CER group (p = 0.026). There were two cases of complications (8.3%) in the CER group comprising cerebrospinal fluid leak and periorbital fat exposure, while no complications were noted for the NER group (p = 0.167). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that navigation-assisted endoscopic removal of sinonasal IP is helpful for reducing recurrence and avoiding surgical complications. Therefore, navigation systems should be always considered when performing endoscopic removal of sinonasal IP.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery