Bi-axial Seismic Behaviour of a Bridge Structure with a Shape Optimized Metallic Damper

Ji Woon Park, Ji Hoon Yoon, Gil Ho Yoon, Yun Mook Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

This study performs a structural analysis to determine seismic behaviour of bridge structures with optimally designed metallic damper absorbing earthquake energy. Since the metallic damper utilizes the plastic deformation of steel to reduce vibration of the structures, this optimized metallic damper can be more economic, reliable and sustainable than the conventional bridge dampers such as friction or viscous dampers. The considered earthquake loads applied to the structure is assumed to work on two-dimensional directions. Also, the shape optimization of metallic damper is purposed to perform ideally under those bi-axial earthquake excitations. The optimizing process is based on the calculation of dissipated energy by the damper through finite element analysis of ABAQUS and the SQP algorithm by MATLAB. The MATALB algorithm controls the alteration of the damper's shape to maximize the amount of energy dissipation under the constraint of total mass of the damper. To evaluate the effect of the developed metallic damper using this optimized shape, this study applied the damper into a three-span bridge model and conducted earthquake analysis through SAP2000.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122008
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume431
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 15
Event14th International Conference on Concrete Engineering and Technology, CONCET 2018 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 2018 Aug 82018 Aug 9

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Earthquakes
Steel
Shape optimization
ABAQUS
Structural analysis
MATLAB
Plastic deformation
Energy dissipation
Friction
Finite element method
Economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Bi-axial Seismic Behaviour of a Bridge Structure with a Shape Optimized Metallic Damper",
abstract = "This study performs a structural analysis to determine seismic behaviour of bridge structures with optimally designed metallic damper absorbing earthquake energy. Since the metallic damper utilizes the plastic deformation of steel to reduce vibration of the structures, this optimized metallic damper can be more economic, reliable and sustainable than the conventional bridge dampers such as friction or viscous dampers. The considered earthquake loads applied to the structure is assumed to work on two-dimensional directions. Also, the shape optimization of metallic damper is purposed to perform ideally under those bi-axial earthquake excitations. The optimizing process is based on the calculation of dissipated energy by the damper through finite element analysis of ABAQUS and the SQP algorithm by MATLAB. The MATALB algorithm controls the alteration of the damper's shape to maximize the amount of energy dissipation under the constraint of total mass of the damper. To evaluate the effect of the developed metallic damper using this optimized shape, this study applied the damper into a three-span bridge model and conducted earthquake analysis through SAP2000.",
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Bi-axial Seismic Behaviour of a Bridge Structure with a Shape Optimized Metallic Damper. / Park, Ji Woon; Yoon, Ji Hoon; Yoon, Gil Ho; Lim, Yun Mook.

In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 431, No. 12, 122008, 15.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Yoon, Gil Ho

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N2 - This study performs a structural analysis to determine seismic behaviour of bridge structures with optimally designed metallic damper absorbing earthquake energy. Since the metallic damper utilizes the plastic deformation of steel to reduce vibration of the structures, this optimized metallic damper can be more economic, reliable and sustainable than the conventional bridge dampers such as friction or viscous dampers. The considered earthquake loads applied to the structure is assumed to work on two-dimensional directions. Also, the shape optimization of metallic damper is purposed to perform ideally under those bi-axial earthquake excitations. The optimizing process is based on the calculation of dissipated energy by the damper through finite element analysis of ABAQUS and the SQP algorithm by MATLAB. The MATALB algorithm controls the alteration of the damper's shape to maximize the amount of energy dissipation under the constraint of total mass of the damper. To evaluate the effect of the developed metallic damper using this optimized shape, this study applied the damper into a three-span bridge model and conducted earthquake analysis through SAP2000.

AB - This study performs a structural analysis to determine seismic behaviour of bridge structures with optimally designed metallic damper absorbing earthquake energy. Since the metallic damper utilizes the plastic deformation of steel to reduce vibration of the structures, this optimized metallic damper can be more economic, reliable and sustainable than the conventional bridge dampers such as friction or viscous dampers. The considered earthquake loads applied to the structure is assumed to work on two-dimensional directions. Also, the shape optimization of metallic damper is purposed to perform ideally under those bi-axial earthquake excitations. The optimizing process is based on the calculation of dissipated energy by the damper through finite element analysis of ABAQUS and the SQP algorithm by MATLAB. The MATALB algorithm controls the alteration of the damper's shape to maximize the amount of energy dissipation under the constraint of total mass of the damper. To evaluate the effect of the developed metallic damper using this optimized shape, this study applied the damper into a three-span bridge model and conducted earthquake analysis through SAP2000.

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