In this study, we analyzed the effects of varying concentrations of chitosan (CS) and β-tricalcium phosphate [β-TCP, Ca 3(PO4)2] on the mechanical and cell-adhesion properties of a collagen (CG) matrix for use in guided bone regeneration (GBR). Three different CS concentrations (0.5, 1, and 2%) and five different contents of β-TCP (0, 17, 29, 38, and 44%) were investigated. The composite membranes were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and cell-adhesion, flexural-strength, and tear-strength assays. The results show that the cell-adhesion and mechanical properties of the composite membranes improved with increasing β-TCP and CS contents, yielding suitable levels of the adhesion of cells and adequate mechanical stability to ensure successful GBR. The CS adhered to the microsized β-TCP, which was distributed uniformly in the composite membranes. The β-TCP and CS have no negative effect on the cell morphology, viability, and proliferation and possess good biocompatibility. This study demonstrates that β-TCP/CS/CG composite membranes are good candidates for GBR membranes in future applications. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2012.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Oct|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering