Biocatalytic synthesis of β-methylglucoside methacrylate/acrylate by the esterification of β-methylglucoside with vinyl methacrylate/acrylate was carried out using an immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica (Novozym 435) in organic solvents. Among five model solvents including t -butanol, t -amyl alcohol, acetone, acetonitrile and 1,4-dioxane, t -butanol was found to be an optimal solvent. The amount of 5% (w/v) Novozym 435 resulted in the highest conversion after 48 h, and 1:3 molar ratio of β-methylglucoside to vinyl methacrylate showed 100% final conversion after 24 h. The optimal initial concentration of β-methylglucoside and temperature determined from the initial rate and final conversion were observed at 60 g/l and 50 °C, respectively. The productivity of sugar esters could be enhanced by the heterogeneous reaction mixture and the addition of β-methylglucoside after one cycle of reaction in homogeneous reaction. Based on the over 95% of cell viability by MTT assay, produced sugar esters were found to be highly biocompatible. Structural analysis of products was performed by FT-IR and 13C NMR.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Advanced Environmental Biology Research Center (R11-2003-006).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering