Cellulosic materials-based de-oiled Jatropha Waste (DJW) was fermented to H2 and CH4 using sewage sludge inoculum. Batch assays were performed at various substrate concentrations (40-240 g/L), temperatures (25-65°C) and pHs (5.5-7.5). The peak hydrogen production rate (HPR) and hydrogen yield (HY) of 744.0 ± 11.3 mL H2/L-d and 10.6 ± 0.2 mL H2/g VS obtained when the optimal substrate concentration, pH, temperature were 200 g/L, 6.5, 55°C, respectively. The peak methane production rate (MPR) of 178.4 ± 5.6 mL CH4/L-d obtained while DJW concentration, pH, temperature were 200 g/L, 7.0, 45°C, however, peak methane yield (MY) of 23.3 ± 0.1 mL CH4/g VS obtained at 40 g/L, 7.0 and 55°C, respectively. Effect of substrate concentration on HPR and MPR was elucidated using Monod model. Butyrate and acetate were the main soluble metabolic products. Maximal carbohydrate removal and COD reduction were achieved as 51.7 ± 0.7% and 68.3 ± 1.6%, respectively.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support by Taiwan's Bureau of Energy (grant no. 101-D0204-3 ), Taiwan's National Science Council ( NSC-99-2221-E-035-024-MY3 , NSC-99-2221-E-035-025-MY3 , NSC-99-2632-E-035-001-MY3 , NSC-101-2218-E-035-003-MY3 ), Feng Chia University ( FCU-10G27101 ). We also thank Hua Neng Environmental Protection and Energy Technology Ltd., Taiwan for providing us the de-oiled Jatropha Waste.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology