Recently, application of stem cell therapy in regenerative medicine has become an active field of study. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to have a strong ability for homing. MSCs labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) exhibit enhanced homing due to magnetic attraction. We have designed a SPION that has a cluster core of iron oxide-based nanoparticles coated with PLGA-Cy5.5. We optimized the nanoparticles for internalization to enable the transport of PCS nanoparticles through endocytosis into MSCs. The migration of magnetized MSCs with SPION by static magnets was seen in vitro. The auditory hair cells do not regenerate once damaged, ototoxic mouse model was generated by administration of kanamycin and furosemide. SPION labeled MSC’s were administered through different injection routes in the ototoxic animal model. As result, the intratympanic administration group with magnet had the highest number of cells in the brain followed by the liver, cochlea, and kidney as compared to those in the control groups. The synthesized PCS (poly clustered superparamagnetic iron oxide) nanoparticles, together with MSCs, by magnetic attraction, could synergistically enhance stem cell delivery. Graphic abstract: The poly clustered superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle labeled in the mesenchymal stem cells have increased the efficacy of homing of the MSC’s to the target area by synergetic effect of magnetic attraction and chemotaxis (SDF-1/CXCR4 axis). This technique allows delivery of the stem cells to the areas with limited vasculatures. The nanoparticle in the biomedicine allows drug delivery, thus, the combination of nanomedicince together with the regenerative medicine will provide highly effective therapy.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Technology Innovation Program (20010587, Development and Dissemination on National Standard Reference Data) funded By the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea) and by National Information Society Agency (NIA) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering