The effects of substrate concentration and temperature on fermentative hydrogen production from Eichhornia crassipes using pig slurry microflora were studied, and the optimal values for maximum biohydrogen production were determined in batch experiments. Hydrogen and methane yield (HY and MY) and production rate (HPR and MPR) were evaluated at various E. crassipes concentrations (10-80 g/L) and incubation temperatures (25, 35, 45, 55, and 65 °C). Hydrogen and methane production were observed during the E. crassipes fermentation without any nutrients addition, and were dependent on E. crassipes concentrations. Maximum HPR (38.2 mmol H2/L/d) and MPR (29.0 mmol CH4/L/d) were obtained at E. crassipes concentration of 40 g/L and 80 g/L, respectively. Monod model and modified Andrew model were used to fit the hydrogen production rate data. Modified Andrew model could describe better the effects of substrate concentration on hydrogen production rate (greater R 2 value). Maximum HPR (221.3 mmol H2/L/d) and MPR (24.4 mmol CH4/L/d) were obtained at 45 and 55 °C, respectively. These values were ca. 1105 and 18 folds higher than the HPR (0.2 mmol H 2/L/d) and MPR (7.3 mmol CH4/L/d) at 25 °C, probably due to increased hydrolysis of E. crassipes at higher temperatures. Ratkowsky model could best describe the progress of hydrogen and methane production potential and rate (R2 > 0.9). The optimum E. crassipes concentration and incubation temperature were determined as 47.8 g/L and 62.5 °C, respectively for maximum hydrogen and methane production. Biohydrogen and biomethane yields from E. crassipes were 31.3 GJ/ha/y and 853.9 GJ/ha/y, respectively, with a total CO2 emission reduction from 15.2 to 23.7 tons.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support by Taiwan’s Bureau of Energy (grant no. 99-D0204-3 ), Taiwan’s National Science Council ( NSC-99-2221-E-035 -024 -MY3 , NSC-99-2221-E-035 -025 -MY3 , NSC-99-2632-E-035 -001 -MY3 ) and Feng Chia University ( FCU-10G27101 ) and the water hyacinth collection supported by Changhua City Cleaning Squad, Changhua.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology