Biologic evaluation of a hollow-type miniscrew implant: An experimental study in beagles

Jeong Won Youn, Jung Yul Cha, Hyung Seog Yu, Chung Ju Hwang

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction The aims of this study were to assess the biologic stability of a newly designed hollow (H-type) miniscrew compared with conventional (C-type) miniscrews through histomorphometric and histologic analysis. Methods Both types of miniscrews were placed into the maxillae and the mandibles of 12 beagles. Maximum insertion torque, Periotest (Siemens AG, Bensheim, Germany) value, bone-implant contact, and bone volume were measured. Results The overall success rates of the H-type were 78.3% in the maxilla and 60.0% in the mandible. Mean maximum insertion torque values of the H-type were 14.2 N-cm in the maxilla and 20.9 N-cm in the mandible. The Periotest values of the H-type were -1.5 in the maxilla and -6.4 in the mandible. Mean maximum insertion torque and Periotest values of the H-type were higher than those of the C-type. In the maxilla, the bone-implant contact values of the H-type were 37.3% and 32.3% at 3 and 12 weeks, respectively. In the mandible, the bone-implant contact values were 31.4% and 18.5% at 3 and 12 weeks, respectively. Conclusions Considering the lower success rate and the insufficient bone-implant contact and bone volume of the H-type in the mandible, the clinician should choose a suitable combination of miniscrews depending on local bone quality and implantation site, such as an H-type in the maxilla and a C-type in the mandible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-637
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume145
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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