Biomass and bioenergy: Current state

Chihe Sun, Ao Xia, Qiang Liao, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Jerry D. Murphy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Increasing energy demand has led to excessive depletion of fossil fuels, significant emission of pollutants and climate change. It is an urgent task to secure clean alternative energy sources to ensure sustainable development. Bioenergy derived from biomass can play a major role in the future energy system due to its renewability, and sustainability. The wide distribution of biomass provides rich sources of raw materials, while the significant development in bioenergy conversion technology improves its competitiveness. Bioenergy, which is used to produce biofuel, heat, and electricity, may be generated via various routes such as thermo-chemical, biological, and bio-electrochemical processes. An energy-efficient and eco-friendly biomass pre-treatment process may effectively enhance bioenergy conversion. Biomass-based heat and electricity can constitute an important fraction of energy in industrial and household sectors; while biofuels may provide energy supply in transportation particularly for heavy goods vehicles and aviation. The biofuel system must be optimised to ensure sustainability, maximise efficiency and minimise cost. It is important to fully understand the mechanisms and the correct combination of biomass pre-treatment, bioenergy conversion, and upgrading technologies. Particular attention should be paid to establishing effective policies to promote the bioenergy and biofuel industries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Energy and Technology
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages3-37
Number of pages35
Edition9789811076763
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Publication series

NameGreen Energy and Technology
Number9789811076763
ISSN (Print)1865-3529
ISSN (Electronic)1865-3537

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Sun, C., Xia, A., Liao, Q., Kumar, G., & Murphy, J. D. (2018). Biomass and bioenergy: Current state. In Green Energy and Technology (9789811076763 ed., pp. 3-37). (Green Energy and Technology; No. 9789811076763). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7677-0_1