Biomethane recovery from Egeria densa in a microbial electrolysis cell-assisted anaerobic system: Performance and stability assessment

Guangyin Zhen, Takuro Kobayashi, Xueqin Lu, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Kaiqin Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Renewable energy recovery from submerged aquatic plants such as Egeria densa (E. densa) via continuous anaerobic digestion (AD) represents a bottleneck because of process instability. Here, a single-chamber membrane-free microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) equipped with a pair of Ti/RuO2 mesh electrodes (i.e. the combined MEC-AD system) was implemented at different applied voltages (0-1.0 V) to evaluate the potential effects of bioelectrochemical stimulation on methane production and process stability of E. densa fermentation. The application of MEC effectively stabilized E. densa fermentation and upgraded overall process performance, especially solid matters removal. E. densa AD process was operated steadily throughout bioelectrochemical process without any signs of imbalance. The solubilization-removal of solid matters and methane conversion efficiency gradually increased with increasing applied voltage, with an average methane yield of approximately 248.2 ± 21.0 mL L-1 d-1 at 1.0 V. Whereas, the stability of the process became worse immediately once the external power was removed, with weaken solid matters removal along with methane output, evidencing the favorable and indispensable role in maintaining process stability. The stabilizing effect was further quantitatively demonstrated by statistical analysis using standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variance (CV) and box-plots. The syntrophic and win-win interactions between fermenting bacteria and electroactive bacteria might have contributed to the improved process stability and bioenergy recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume149
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

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Regenerative fuel cells
Electrolysis
Methane
electrokinesis
methane
Anaerobic digestion
Recovery
Digestion
Fermentation
fermentation
Renewable Energy
Bacteria
bacterium
bioenergy
solubilization
aquatic plant
Electric potential
Electrodes
electrode
statistical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Renewable energy recovery from submerged aquatic plants such as Egeria densa (E. densa) via continuous anaerobic digestion (AD) represents a bottleneck because of process instability. Here, a single-chamber membrane-free microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) equipped with a pair of Ti/RuO2 mesh electrodes (i.e. the combined MEC-AD system) was implemented at different applied voltages (0-1.0 V) to evaluate the potential effects of bioelectrochemical stimulation on methane production and process stability of E. densa fermentation. The application of MEC effectively stabilized E. densa fermentation and upgraded overall process performance, especially solid matters removal. E. densa AD process was operated steadily throughout bioelectrochemical process without any signs of imbalance. The solubilization-removal of solid matters and methane conversion efficiency gradually increased with increasing applied voltage, with an average methane yield of approximately 248.2 ± 21.0 mL L-1 d-1 at 1.0 V. Whereas, the stability of the process became worse immediately once the external power was removed, with weaken solid matters removal along with methane output, evidencing the favorable and indispensable role in maintaining process stability. The stabilizing effect was further quantitatively demonstrated by statistical analysis using standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variance (CV) and box-plots. The syntrophic and win-win interactions between fermenting bacteria and electroactive bacteria might have contributed to the improved process stability and bioenergy recovery.",
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Biomethane recovery from Egeria densa in a microbial electrolysis cell-assisted anaerobic system : Performance and stability assessment. / Zhen, Guangyin; Kobayashi, Takuro; Lu, Xueqin; Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Xu, Kaiqin.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 149, 01.04.2016, p. 121-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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