Biomimetic composite architecture achieves ultrahigh rate capability and cycling life of sodium ion battery cathodes

Kang Ho Shin, Sul Ki Park, Puritut Nakhanivej, Yixian Wang, Pengcheng Liu, Seong Min Bak, Min Sung Choi, David Mitlin, Ho Seok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Sodium ion batteries are an emerging candidate to replace lithium ion batteries in large-scale electrical energy storage systems due to the abundance and widespread distribution of sodium. Despite the growing interest, the development of high-performance sodium cathode materials remains a challenge. In particular, polyanionic compounds are considered as a strong cathode candidate owing to their better cycling stability, a flatter voltage profile, and stronger thermal stability compared to other cathode materials. Here, we report the rational design of a biomimetic bone-inspired polyanionic Na3V2(PO4)3-reduced graphene oxide composite (BI-NVP) cathode that achieves ultrahigh rate charging and ultralong cycling life in a sodium ion battery. At a charging rate of 1 C, BI-NVP delivers 97% of its theoretical capacity and is able to retain a voltage plateau even at the ultra-high rate of 200 C. It also shows long cycling life with capacity retention of 91% after 10 000 cycles at 50 C. The sodium ion battery cells with a BI-NVP cathode and Na metal anode were able to deliver a maximum specific energy of 350 W h kg-1 and maximum specific power of 154 kW kg-1. In situ and postmortem analyses of cycled BI-NVP (including by Raman and XRD spectra) HRTEM, and STEM-EELS, indicate highly reversible dilation-contraction, negligible electrode pulverization, and a stable NVP-reduced graphene oxide layer interface. The results presented here provide a rational and biomimetic material design for the electrode architecture for ultrahigh power and ultralong cyclability of the sodium ion battery full cells when paired with a sodium metal anode.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere020805
JournalApplied Physics Reviews
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
H.S.P., K.H.S., S.K.P., P.N., and M.S.C. would like to acknowledge the financial support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (Grant No. NRF-2020R1A3B2079803), Republic of Korea. D.M., Y.W., and P.L. (research co-conception, research guidance, and manuscript preparation) were supported by the National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research, Award No. 1938833. S.M.B. (analysis) at Brookhaven National Laboratory was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technology Office of the U.S. Department of Energy through the Advanced Battery Materials Research (BMR) Program under Contract No. DE-SC0012704.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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