Bioreactor design for continuous dark fermentative hydrogen production

Kyung Won Jung, Dong Hoon Kim, Sang Hyoun Kim, Hang Sik Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Citations (Scopus)


Dark fermentative H 2 production (DFHP) has received increasing attention in recent years due to its high H 2 production rate (HPR) as well as the versatility of the substrates used in the process. For most studies in this field, batch reactors have been applied due to their simple operation and efficient control; however, continuous DFHP operation is necessary from economical and practical points of view. Continuous systems can be classified into two categories, suspended and immobilized bioreactors, according to the life forms of H 2 producing bacteria (HPB) used in the reactor. This paper reviews operational parameters for bioreactor design including pH, temperature, hydraulic retention time (HRT), and H 2 partial pressure. Also, in this review, various bioreactor configurations and performance parameters including H 2 yield (HY), HPR, and specific H 2 production rate (SHPR) are evaluated and presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8612-8620
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource technology
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 2010-0026904 )

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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