Bioresorbable magnesium-reinforced PLA membrane for guided bone/tissue regeneration

Hao Yang Zhang, Heng Bo Jiang, Ji Eun Kim, Shu Xin Zhang, Kwang Mahn Kim, Jae Sung Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Considering the inferior mechanical properties of the current bioresorbable polymers, a novel bioresorbable magnesium-reinforced polylactide (PLA) membrane was designed for the application in critical defect sites in guided bone/tissue regeneration. The PLA-FAZ91 membrane was fabricated by combining two PLA membranes with a fluoride-coated AZ91 (9 wt% Al, 1 wt% Zn) (FAZ91) magnesium alloy core by hot pressing. A combined double-layered PLA membrane was used as the control group. A three-point bending test was performed to compare their maximum load and stiffness. Samples were immersed in the HBSS for 20 weeks, and their weight loss percentages were recorded, and a three-point bending test was performed after immersion. An ion release test was performed by immersing samples in the HBSS for 4 weeks and determining the pH and ion concentrations of the HBSS. Cell viability was tested by culturing pre-osteoblast cells with sample extracts in the culture medium obtained from degraded samples. As a result, PLA-FAZ91 showed a significantly higher maximum load and stiffness than those of the non-reinforced PLA membrane. The weight loss of PLA-FAZ91 was much faster, as FAZ91 showed major degradation and was completely degraded after 16–20 weeks of immersion. The degradation of the PLA wrap was accelerated by FAZ91. The mechanical superiority of PLA-FAZ91 over PLA endured for at least 3 weeks during immersion. The pH, magnesium- and fluoride-ion concentration in the PLA-FAZ91 group increased at an appropriate rate. The cell viability was not adversely affected by the addition of FAZ91 to PLA. Therefore, the bioresorbable magnesium-reinforced PLA membrane has the potential to be used as a good alternative to pure PLA membrane in guided bone/tissue regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104061
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Yonsei University College of Dentistry ( 6-2019-0021 ).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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