The genus Rhodococcus is a phylogenetically and catabolically diverse group that has been isolated from diverse environments, including polar and alpine regions, for its versatile ability to degrade a wide variety of natural and synthetic organic compounds. Their metabolic capacity and diversity result from their diverse catabolic genes, which are believed to be obtained through frequent recombination events mediated by large catabolic plasmids. Many rhodococci have been used commercially for the biodegradation of environmental pollutants and for the biocatalytic production of high-value chemicals from low-value materials. Recent studies of their physiology, metabolism, and genome have broadened our knowledge regarding the diverse biotechnological applications that exploit their catabolic enzymes and pathways.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by “Modeling responses of terrestrial organisms to environmental changes on King George Island” (Grant No. PE18090), funded by the Korea Polar Research Institute. We thank Yoo-Min An for the illustration.
© 2018 by The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology