Bipolar Electrochemistry as a Simple Synthetic Route toward Nanoscale Transition of Mo2B5 and W2B5 for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Yong Wang, Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez, Xinyi Chia, Zdeněk Sofer, Naziah Mohamad Latiff, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of non-noble metal and earth-abundant-based electrocatalysts for electrochemical hydrogen production is of great significance for large scale application of water splitting technology. Particularly, molybdenum- and tungsten-based materials, such as MoS2, WS2, MoP, and WP, are widely studied for their promising performance in catalyzing the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), especially in their nanostructured forms. Here, we investigate the HER activity of nanostructured molybdenum and tungsten borides, which are highly understudied, and report the use of bipolar electrochemistry (BP) to enhance their performances. BP treatment induces the size reduction of commercial Mo2B5 and W2B5 from the micrometer range down to the nanometer range. The smaller Mo2B5 and W2B5 particles have greater exposure of active sites for HER catalysis and result in better HER performance. To illustrate, we found that the electrocatalytic performance of BP-treated W2B5 is close to the best HER electrocatalyst, Pt/C. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements reveal lower charge transfer resistance (Rct) of the materials after bipolar electrochemical treatment, thereby suggesting another effect of the BP method in enhancing HER catalysis. Overall, we demonstrate bipolar electrochemistry as a simple method to improve the catalytic activity of Mo2B5 and W2B5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12148-12159
Number of pages12
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 2

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electrochemistry
Electrochemistry
Hydrogen
hydrogen
Tungsten
Molybdenum
Electrocatalysts
Catalysis
catalysis
tungsten
molybdenum
Boron Compounds
Borides
Hydrogen production
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Charge transfer
Catalyst activity
Metals
Earth (planet)
spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Wang, Yong ; Mayorga-Martinez, Carmen C. ; Chia, Xinyi ; Sofer, Zdeněk ; Mohamad Latiff, Naziah ; Pumera, Martin. / Bipolar Electrochemistry as a Simple Synthetic Route toward Nanoscale Transition of Mo2B5 and W2B5 for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. 14. pp. 12148-12159.
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Bipolar Electrochemistry as a Simple Synthetic Route toward Nanoscale Transition of Mo2B5 and W2B5 for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. / Wang, Yong; Mayorga-Martinez, Carmen C.; Chia, Xinyi; Sofer, Zdeněk; Mohamad Latiff, Naziah; Pumera, Martin.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 14, 02.07.2019, p. 12148-12159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The development of non-noble metal and earth-abundant-based electrocatalysts for electrochemical hydrogen production is of great significance for large scale application of water splitting technology. Particularly, molybdenum- and tungsten-based materials, such as MoS2, WS2, MoP, and WP, are widely studied for their promising performance in catalyzing the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), especially in their nanostructured forms. Here, we investigate the HER activity of nanostructured molybdenum and tungsten borides, which are highly understudied, and report the use of bipolar electrochemistry (BP) to enhance their performances. BP treatment induces the size reduction of commercial Mo2B5 and W2B5 from the micrometer range down to the nanometer range. The smaller Mo2B5 and W2B5 particles have greater exposure of active sites for HER catalysis and result in better HER performance. To illustrate, we found that the electrocatalytic performance of BP-treated W2B5 is close to the best HER electrocatalyst, Pt/C. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements reveal lower charge transfer resistance (Rct) of the materials after bipolar electrochemical treatment, thereby suggesting another effect of the BP method in enhancing HER catalysis. Overall, we demonstrate bipolar electrochemistry as a simple method to improve the catalytic activity of Mo2B5 and W2B5.

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