The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength and the morphological differences of adhesive/dentin interface of two one-step universal adhesives to dentin using different dentin-conditioning methods with etch-and-rinse mode. Ninety-six dentin specimens were randomly divided into two groups based on application of two adhesives and assigned to three subgroups according to different dentin conditioning (wet-bonding; air-dried; rewetting). After etching and rinsing, experimental dentin conditioning was conducted on the etched dentin specimens. All specimens were subjected to shear bond strength testing using a universal testing machine, and all data were statistically analyzed using two- way analysis of variance with Tukey’s post hoc test. All debonded specimens were examined for fracture pattern by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Adjunctively, one specimen per group was prepared by the same processing and longitudinally sectioned. Then, the infiltration ability of adhesives into dentin was examined by observing the interface using confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM). Wet and Rewet groups exhibited significantly higher shear bond strength than dry groups on the etch-and-rinse system, regardless of different adhesives. The bond strength between wet and rewet groups showed no significant difference in Tukey’s test. Analysis of failure surface using SEM showed that predominant failure patterns were mixed in both the wet-bonding group and dry-bonding group. CLSM presented that resin penetration into etched dentin was enhanced similarly in wet and rewet group. Application of rewetting agents on dried dentin increased the bonding performance of universal adhesives on etch-and-rinse mode.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry