Bone regeneration and collagen fiber orientation around calcium phosphate-coated implants with machined or rough surfaces: A short-term histomorphometric study in dog mandibles

Jung Seok Lee, Yae Won Kim, Ui Won Jung, Seong Ho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare bone formation and tissue reactions around implants with a calcium phosphate (CaP)-coated machined surface (CPMS) and a CaP-coated rough surface (CPRS) at criticalsized circumferential ridge defects in dogs after 4 and 8 weeks. Materials and Methods: All mandibular premolars were extracted bilaterally from five male mongrel dogs. After 8 weeks, circumferential marginal defects (2 mm wide and 5 mm deep) were created unilaterally using a customized drill at sites of CPMS and CPRS implant insertion. Four weeks later, the contralateral side was prepared using the same protocol. The dogs were sacrificed 4 weeks later. Specimens were analyzed histologically and histomorphometrically. Results: Both CPMS and CPRS implants showed successful osseointegration in the apical bone area (without defects) regardless of the observation period (4 or 8 weeks). All circumferential defects were incompletely filled and osseointegration was limited at the apical area of the defect. In the unfilled defect area, collagen fibers were arranged perpendicular or oblique to the exposed implant surfaces, especially on CPRS implants. Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, CPMS and CPRS implants showed no statistically significant differences in osseointegration and bone regeneration in circumferential defects, along with the unique feature of collagen fibers arranged perpendicular or oblique to the exposed implant surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1395-1402
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Osseointegration
Bone Regeneration
Mandible
Collagen
Dogs
Bone and Bones
Mandrillus
Bicuspid
Osteogenesis
Observation
calcium phosphate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

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title = "Bone regeneration and collagen fiber orientation around calcium phosphate-coated implants with machined or rough surfaces: A short-term histomorphometric study in dog mandibles",
abstract = "Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare bone formation and tissue reactions around implants with a calcium phosphate (CaP)-coated machined surface (CPMS) and a CaP-coated rough surface (CPRS) at criticalsized circumferential ridge defects in dogs after 4 and 8 weeks. Materials and Methods: All mandibular premolars were extracted bilaterally from five male mongrel dogs. After 8 weeks, circumferential marginal defects (2 mm wide and 5 mm deep) were created unilaterally using a customized drill at sites of CPMS and CPRS implant insertion. Four weeks later, the contralateral side was prepared using the same protocol. The dogs were sacrificed 4 weeks later. Specimens were analyzed histologically and histomorphometrically. Results: Both CPMS and CPRS implants showed successful osseointegration in the apical bone area (without defects) regardless of the observation period (4 or 8 weeks). All circumferential defects were incompletely filled and osseointegration was limited at the apical area of the defect. In the unfilled defect area, collagen fibers were arranged perpendicular or oblique to the exposed implant surfaces, especially on CPRS implants. Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, CPMS and CPRS implants showed no statistically significant differences in osseointegration and bone regeneration in circumferential defects, along with the unique feature of collagen fibers arranged perpendicular or oblique to the exposed implant surfaces.",
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AB - Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare bone formation and tissue reactions around implants with a calcium phosphate (CaP)-coated machined surface (CPMS) and a CaP-coated rough surface (CPRS) at criticalsized circumferential ridge defects in dogs after 4 and 8 weeks. Materials and Methods: All mandibular premolars were extracted bilaterally from five male mongrel dogs. After 8 weeks, circumferential marginal defects (2 mm wide and 5 mm deep) were created unilaterally using a customized drill at sites of CPMS and CPRS implant insertion. Four weeks later, the contralateral side was prepared using the same protocol. The dogs were sacrificed 4 weeks later. Specimens were analyzed histologically and histomorphometrically. Results: Both CPMS and CPRS implants showed successful osseointegration in the apical bone area (without defects) regardless of the observation period (4 or 8 weeks). All circumferential defects were incompletely filled and osseointegration was limited at the apical area of the defect. In the unfilled defect area, collagen fibers were arranged perpendicular or oblique to the exposed implant surfaces, especially on CPRS implants. Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, CPMS and CPRS implants showed no statistically significant differences in osseointegration and bone regeneration in circumferential defects, along with the unique feature of collagen fibers arranged perpendicular or oblique to the exposed implant surfaces.

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