The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of bone regeneration and volume maintenance of the three-dimensional (3D) structured biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) block with porous hexahedron channels in a rabbit calvarial model. In this work, four circular defects (diameter: 8 mm) in calvarium of rabbits were randomly assigned to (1) negative control (control), (2) 3D hexahedron channel structured BCP block, (3) deproteinized bovine bone mineral particle, and (4) deproteinized porcine bone mineral particle. Animals were euthanized at 2 (n = 5) and 8 weeks (n = 5). Outcome measures included micro-computed tomography (CT) and histomorphometrical analysis. Results indicated that in micro-CT, BCP group showed the highest new bone volume with significant difference compared to control (p = 0.008) at 8 weeks. Histomorphometrically, total augmented area of BCP group was the highest with significant difference compared to control (p = 0.008) at 8 weeks. BCP group also maintained total volume of the original defect without collapsing. BCP block with 3D hexahedron channel structure seems to have favorable osteogenic and volume maintaining ability and highly porous structure might attribute to new bone formation. Further studies regarding the optimal internal structure and porosity of the BCP block bone substitute are needed.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering