Bragg scattering from a millimeter-scale periodic structure with extremely small aspect ratios

I. Jong Kim, Hong Seung Kim, June Gyu Park, Byeongjoon Jeong, Dong Ho Lee, Ji Yong Bae, Dong Uk Kim, Kye Sung Lee, Geon Hee Kim, Ki Soo Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The periodic structure on the optical surface affects the beam shape and its propagation. As the size of the optical elements becomes larger and its shape becomes complicated, the quantitative analysis of the effect of the periodic structure on the optical surface becomes indispensable given that it is very difficult to completely eliminate the microscopic periodic structures. Herein, we have experimentally investigated Bragg scattering from an optical surface with extremely small aspect ratios (~10−5) and groove densities (0.5 lines/mm). We observed the period of the constructive interference formed due to the propagation of the 0th, 1st, and −1st beam modes caused by Bragg scattering. When the periodic structure has a modulation depth of ± 50 nm, the intensity increase of constructive interference between the beam modes formed by Bragg scattering was > 10 times greater than the intensity of a flat surface at the propagation distance at which constructive interference was most pronounced. This study is envisaged to open new avenues for the quantification of the effect of periodic structures based on the observation of the interference on the beam profile formed by Bragg scattering during the beam propagation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21677-21688
Number of pages12
JournalOptics Express
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 22

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Creative Convergence Research Project in the National Research Council of Science and Technology of Korea (CAP–15–01–KBSI); Korea Basic Science Institute (D39615).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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