Breastfeeding and trajectories of children's cognitive development

Jin Huang, Kristen E. Peters, Michael G. Vaughn, Christopher Witko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to examine the association of breastfeeding practices with the growth trajectories of children's cognitive development. We used data from the Child Development Supplement (CDS) of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) with variables on presence and duration of breastfeeding and standardized test scores obtained during three different panel waves (N = 2681). After adjusting for covariates we found that breastfed children had higher test scores but that breastfed and non-breastfed children had similar growth trajectories in test scores over time. The results indicate that breastfeeding has an important association with test scores, and that subsequent schooling and other experiences during adolescence do not eliminate the breastfeeding gap that appears in very early childhood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-461
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Breastfeeding and trajectories of children's cognitive development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this