There is an urgent demand to improve the efficiency and the color purity of the environment-friendly quantum dots (QDs), which can be used in wide color gamut (WCG) displays. In this study, we optimized the reaction conditions for the InP core synthesis and the ZnSe/ZnS multishell growth on the core. As a result, remarkable improvements were achieved in the photoluminescence quantum yield (PL QY, 95%) and the full width at half-maximum (fwhm, 36 nm), with perfectly matched wavelength (528 nm) for the green color in WCG displays. Injection of the phosphorus precursor at a mild temperature during the InP core synthesis reduced the size distribution of the core to 12%, and the shell growth performed at a high temperature significantly enhanced the crystallinity of the thick passivating layer. We also investigated the photophysical properties, particularly the energy trap distributions and trap state emissions of the InP-based QDs with different shell structures. The time-resolved and temperature-dependent PL spectra clearly indicated that the well-passivated InP/ZnSe/ZnS QDs showed nearly trap-free emissions over a wide temperature range (77-297 K). Also, the on- and off-time probability on single QD blinking and Auger ionization efficiencies also showed that these QDs were hardly affected by the surface traps.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)