Broadband dependence of atmospheric transmissions in the UV and total solar radiation

Hana Lee, Woogyung Kim, Yun G. Lee, Ja Ho Koo, Yeonjin Jung, Sang S. Park, Hi Ku Cho, Jhoon Kim

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Abstract

Atmospheric broadband transmissions of clouds, aerosols, and ozone in the erythemally weighted ultraviolet (EUV, 290–320 nm), total (spectrally integrated) ultraviolet (TUV, 290–363 nm), and total global solar (GS, 305–2800 nm) spectral regions were analysed with ground-based measurements in Seoul, Korea (37.57°N, 128.98°E) from March 2004 to February 2013. The annual average total transmission expressed as a fraction of the clear-sky irradiance was 77.6% in the EUV, 73.6% in the TUV, and 72.0% in the GS spectral regions. The corresponding values for cloud transmission were 78.4%, 73.9%, and 71.7%. In overcast cloudy conditions, atmospheric transmission was reduced by 45.9%, 50.2%, and 56.6% in the three spectral regions, respectively, indicating the dominant effect of clouds. Aerosol and ozone transmissions had almost the same annual average. Annual average atmospheric transmission effectively decreases with increasing wavelength from EUV to GS regions. However, we found that there was a difference in wavelength dependence of atmospheric transmission for monthly averages, which seems related to the monthly variation of total column ozone (TCO), aerosol, and cloud amount. It is also found that there is a critical value of TCO (TCO =370 DU) for the wavelength dependence of transmission. Higher ozone amount than this turnaround value can cause an increase in transmission from the EUV to GS regions. The monthly wavelength-dependent effects may be attributable more to the different climatological characteristics of the TCO rather than aerosols and clouds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalTellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

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