Atmospheric broadband transmissions of clouds, aerosols, and ozone in the erythemally weighted ultraviolet (EUV, 290–320 nm), total (spectrally integrated) ultraviolet (TUV, 290–363 nm), and total global solar (GS, 305–2800 nm) spectral regions were analysed with ground-based measurements in Seoul, Korea (37.57°N, 128.98°E) from March 2004 to February 2013. The annual average total transmission expressed as a fraction of the clear-sky irradiance was 77.6% in the EUV, 73.6% in the TUV, and 72.0% in the GS spectral regions. The corresponding values for cloud transmission were 78.4%, 73.9%, and 71.7%. In overcast cloudy conditions, atmospheric transmission was reduced by 45.9%, 50.2%, and 56.6% in the three spectral regions, respectively, indicating the dominant effect of clouds. Aerosol and ozone transmissions had almost the same annual average. Annual average atmospheric transmission effectively decreases with increasing wavelength from EUV to GS regions. However, we found that there was a difference in wavelength dependence of atmospheric transmission for monthly averages, which seems related to the monthly variation of total column ozone (TCO), aerosol, and cloud amount. It is also found that there is a critical value of TCO (TCO =370 DU) for the wavelength dependence of transmission. Higher ozone amount than this turnaround value can cause an increase in transmission from the EUV to GS regions. The monthly wavelength-dependent effects may be attributable more to the different climatological characteristics of the TCO rather than aerosols and clouds.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Jan 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) under the ‘Public Technology Program based on Environmental Policy’ Grant number 2017000160001 and ‘Development of the integrated data processing system for GOCI-II’ funded by the Ministry of Ocean and Fisheries, Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science