To improve instance-level detection/segmentation performance, existing self-supervised and semi-supervised methods extract either task-unrelated or task-specific training signals from unlabeled data. We show that these two approaches, at the two extreme ends of the task-specificity spectrum, are suboptimal for the task performance. Utilizing too little task-specific training signals causes underfitting to the ground-truth labels of downstream tasks, while the opposite causes overfitting to the ground-truth labels. To this end, we propose a novel Class-Agnostic Semi-Supervised Learning (CA-SSL) framework to achieve a more favorable task-specificity balance in extracting training signals from unlabeled data. CA-SSL has three training stages that act on either ground-truth labels (labeled data) or pseudo labels (unlabeled data). This decoupling strategy avoids the complicated scheme in traditional SSL methods that balances the contributions from both data types. Especially, we introduce a warmup training stage to achieve a more optimal balance in task specificity by ignoring class information in the pseudo labels, while preserving localization training signals. As a result, our warmup model can better avoid underfitting/overfitting when fine-tuned on the ground-truth labels in detection and segmentation tasks. Using 3.6M unlabeled data, we achieve a significant performance gain of 4.7% over ImageNet-pretrained baseline on FCOS object detection. In addition, our warmup model demonstrates excellent transferability to other detection and segmentation frameworks.
|Title of host publication||Computer Vision – ECCV 2022 - 17th European Conference, Proceedings|
|Editors||Shai Avidan, Gabriel Brostow, Moustapha Cissé, Giovanni Maria Farinella, Tal Hassner|
|Publisher||Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
|Event||17th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2022 - Tel Aviv, Israel|
Duration: 2022 Oct 23 → 2022 Oct 27
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|
|Conference||17th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2022|
|Period||22/10/23 → 22/10/27|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science(all)