CagA Phosphorylation-Dependent MMP-9 Expression in Gastric Epithelial Cells

Young Hee Nam, Eunju Ryu, Doyeon Lee, Hyun Jae Shim, Yong Chan Lee, Seung Taek Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Infection of cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori is associated with increased expression of MMPs in gastric epithelial cells. The role of phosphorylated CagA in the induction of MMP-9, a protease-degrading basement membrane, in gastric epithelial cells has not been clearly defined yet. The aim of this study is to analyze whether the presence of CagA and its phosphorylation status play a role in increased expression of MMP-9 in gastric epithelial cells. Materials and Methods: Induction of MMP-9 secretion was analyzed in gastric epithelial AGS cells harboring CagA with or without EPIYA motif, which is injected by H. pylori or ectopically expressed. In addition, signaling pathways involved in the CagA-dependent MMP-9 production have been studied. Results: The 147C strain of H. pylori expressing tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA present) induced higher MMP-9 secretion by AGS cells than the 147A strain expressing non-tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA absent). In addition, in bacteria-free CagA-inducible AGS cells, expression of wild-type CagA induced more MMP-9 secretion than phosphorylation-resistant CagA. Inhibition of CagA phosphorylation by the Src family kinase inhibitor PP1 downregulated CagA-mediated MMP-9 secretion. Knockdown of SHP-2 phosphatase dramatically reduced MMP-9 secretion. ERK inhibitors, PD98059 and U0126, and NF-κB pathway inhibitors, sulfasalazine and N-acetyl-l-cysteine, also inhibited MMP-9 expression. Conclusion: These results support a model whereby the EPIYA motif of CagA is phosphorylated by Src family kinases in gastric epithelial cells, which initiates activation of SHP-2. In addition, they suggest that the resultant activation of ERK pathway along with CagA-dependent NF-κB activation is critical for the induction of MMP-9 secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-283
Number of pages8
JournalHelicobacter
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Matrix Metalloproteinases
Stomach
Epithelial Cells
Phosphorylation
Helicobacter pylori
src-Family Kinases
Sulfasalazine
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Basement Membrane
Cysteine
Tyrosine
Peptide Hydrolases
Down-Regulation
Bacteria

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Nam, Young Hee ; Ryu, Eunju ; Lee, Doyeon ; Shim, Hyun Jae ; Lee, Yong Chan ; Lee, Seung Taek. / CagA Phosphorylation-Dependent MMP-9 Expression in Gastric Epithelial Cells. In: Helicobacter. 2011 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 276-283.
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abstract = "Background: Infection of cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori is associated with increased expression of MMPs in gastric epithelial cells. The role of phosphorylated CagA in the induction of MMP-9, a protease-degrading basement membrane, in gastric epithelial cells has not been clearly defined yet. The aim of this study is to analyze whether the presence of CagA and its phosphorylation status play a role in increased expression of MMP-9 in gastric epithelial cells. Materials and Methods: Induction of MMP-9 secretion was analyzed in gastric epithelial AGS cells harboring CagA with or without EPIYA motif, which is injected by H. pylori or ectopically expressed. In addition, signaling pathways involved in the CagA-dependent MMP-9 production have been studied. Results: The 147C strain of H. pylori expressing tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA present) induced higher MMP-9 secretion by AGS cells than the 147A strain expressing non-tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA absent). In addition, in bacteria-free CagA-inducible AGS cells, expression of wild-type CagA induced more MMP-9 secretion than phosphorylation-resistant CagA. Inhibition of CagA phosphorylation by the Src family kinase inhibitor PP1 downregulated CagA-mediated MMP-9 secretion. Knockdown of SHP-2 phosphatase dramatically reduced MMP-9 secretion. ERK inhibitors, PD98059 and U0126, and NF-κB pathway inhibitors, sulfasalazine and N-acetyl-l-cysteine, also inhibited MMP-9 expression. Conclusion: These results support a model whereby the EPIYA motif of CagA is phosphorylated by Src family kinases in gastric epithelial cells, which initiates activation of SHP-2. In addition, they suggest that the resultant activation of ERK pathway along with CagA-dependent NF-κB activation is critical for the induction of MMP-9 secretion.",
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CagA Phosphorylation-Dependent MMP-9 Expression in Gastric Epithelial Cells. / Nam, Young Hee; Ryu, Eunju; Lee, Doyeon; Shim, Hyun Jae; Lee, Yong Chan; Lee, Seung Taek.

In: Helicobacter, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.08.2011, p. 276-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nam, Young Hee

AU - Ryu, Eunju

AU - Lee, Doyeon

AU - Shim, Hyun Jae

AU - Lee, Yong Chan

AU - Lee, Seung Taek

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N2 - Background: Infection of cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori is associated with increased expression of MMPs in gastric epithelial cells. The role of phosphorylated CagA in the induction of MMP-9, a protease-degrading basement membrane, in gastric epithelial cells has not been clearly defined yet. The aim of this study is to analyze whether the presence of CagA and its phosphorylation status play a role in increased expression of MMP-9 in gastric epithelial cells. Materials and Methods: Induction of MMP-9 secretion was analyzed in gastric epithelial AGS cells harboring CagA with or without EPIYA motif, which is injected by H. pylori or ectopically expressed. In addition, signaling pathways involved in the CagA-dependent MMP-9 production have been studied. Results: The 147C strain of H. pylori expressing tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA present) induced higher MMP-9 secretion by AGS cells than the 147A strain expressing non-tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA absent). In addition, in bacteria-free CagA-inducible AGS cells, expression of wild-type CagA induced more MMP-9 secretion than phosphorylation-resistant CagA. Inhibition of CagA phosphorylation by the Src family kinase inhibitor PP1 downregulated CagA-mediated MMP-9 secretion. Knockdown of SHP-2 phosphatase dramatically reduced MMP-9 secretion. ERK inhibitors, PD98059 and U0126, and NF-κB pathway inhibitors, sulfasalazine and N-acetyl-l-cysteine, also inhibited MMP-9 expression. Conclusion: These results support a model whereby the EPIYA motif of CagA is phosphorylated by Src family kinases in gastric epithelial cells, which initiates activation of SHP-2. In addition, they suggest that the resultant activation of ERK pathway along with CagA-dependent NF-κB activation is critical for the induction of MMP-9 secretion.

AB - Background: Infection of cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori is associated with increased expression of MMPs in gastric epithelial cells. The role of phosphorylated CagA in the induction of MMP-9, a protease-degrading basement membrane, in gastric epithelial cells has not been clearly defined yet. The aim of this study is to analyze whether the presence of CagA and its phosphorylation status play a role in increased expression of MMP-9 in gastric epithelial cells. Materials and Methods: Induction of MMP-9 secretion was analyzed in gastric epithelial AGS cells harboring CagA with or without EPIYA motif, which is injected by H. pylori or ectopically expressed. In addition, signaling pathways involved in the CagA-dependent MMP-9 production have been studied. Results: The 147C strain of H. pylori expressing tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA present) induced higher MMP-9 secretion by AGS cells than the 147A strain expressing non-tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA (EPIYA absent). In addition, in bacteria-free CagA-inducible AGS cells, expression of wild-type CagA induced more MMP-9 secretion than phosphorylation-resistant CagA. Inhibition of CagA phosphorylation by the Src family kinase inhibitor PP1 downregulated CagA-mediated MMP-9 secretion. Knockdown of SHP-2 phosphatase dramatically reduced MMP-9 secretion. ERK inhibitors, PD98059 and U0126, and NF-κB pathway inhibitors, sulfasalazine and N-acetyl-l-cysteine, also inhibited MMP-9 expression. Conclusion: These results support a model whereby the EPIYA motif of CagA is phosphorylated by Src family kinases in gastric epithelial cells, which initiates activation of SHP-2. In addition, they suggest that the resultant activation of ERK pathway along with CagA-dependent NF-κB activation is critical for the induction of MMP-9 secretion.

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