We investigated the clinical implication of ANCA positivity at diagnosis on the poor outcomes in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome. The medical records of 606 Korean patients with Sjögren’s syndrome were retrospectively reviewed. The results of perinuclear (P)-ANCA, myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA, cytoplasmic (C)-ANCA, and proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA were collected and the frequencies of all-cause mortality, interstitial lung disease (ILD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and lymphoma were assessed as the poor outcomes of Sjögren’s syndrome. Comparison of the cumulative patient survivals between the two groups was analysed by the Kaplan–Meier survival analysis. Of the 606 patients, ANCA was detected in 10.2% of Sjögren’s syndrome patients without AAV. Twenty-one patients (3.5%) died, 99 patients (16.3%) suffered from ILD, and 8 patients had ESRD. Lymphoma occurred in 5 patients (0.8%) during 37.5 months. Sjögren’s syndrome patients with ANCA positivity exhibited a lower cumulative ILD-free survival rate than those with ANCA negativity (P = 0.001). Sjögren’s syndrome patients with P-ANCA positivity and those with MPO-ANCA (or P-ANCA) positivity showed a lower cumulative ILD-free survival rate than those without (P = 0.012 and P < 0.001). Also, Sjögren’s syndrome patients with P-ANCA positivity exhibited a lower cumulative ESRD-free survival rate than those without (P = 0.043). ANCA positivity was associated with neither all-cause mortality nor lymphoma in Sjögren’s syndrome patients. ANCA positivity and MPO-ANCA (or P-ANCA) positivity at diagnosis was associated with the development of ILD during follow-up in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2017R1D1A1B03029050) and a Grant from the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute, funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI14C1324).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy