Aims Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and visceral obesity are associated with each other and with cardiovascular diseases. We determined whether increased visceral adiposity without weight gain was associated with sex-specific accelerated carotid atherosclerosis in South Koreans with T2DM. Methods From 2003 to 2012, we recruited 280 participants with T2DM for the Seoul Metabolic Syndrome cohort who had body weight, visceral fat thickness (VFT), and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measured at intervals of 2 years. According to VFT change, sex-specific quartiles of clinical characteristics and changes of CIMT were determined. Logistic regression models predicted the odds of the progression of CIMTs in each quartile. Results During 2 years of observation, VFTs fell by 5.2 ± 13.5 mm in men (P < 0.001) and 3.4 ± 10.5 mm in women (P < 0.001). Progression of CIMT was only significant for women's maximal CIMT (0.031 ± 0.145 mm, P = 0.012), while significant improvements in HbA1c were found (0.9%; P < 0.001 in both sexes). There were no significant differences in clinical characteristics, or in progression of CIMT in men or women according to 2-year quartiles of VFT change. Conclusions Our results do not suggest that increased visceral adiposity without body weight changes impacts the CIMT progression in South Korean men or women with T2DM.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by a grant from the Korea Health 21 R & D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (A085136). Dr. Barrett-Connor has been supported by National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Aging grants AG07181 and AG028507 and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, grant DK31801. This financial support does not represent a conflict of interest.
© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism