Can Omics Approaches Improve Microalgal Biofuels under Abiotic Stress?

El Sayed Salama, Sanjay P. Govindwar, Rahul V. Khandare, Hyun Seog Roh, Byong Hun Jeon, Xiangkai Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae hold the promise of an inexpensive and sustainable source of biofuels. The existing microalgal cultivation technologies need significant improvement to outcompete other biofuel sources such as terrestrial plants. Application of ‘algomics’ approaches under different abiotic stress conditions could be an effective strategy for optimization of microalgal growth and production of high-quality biofuels. In this review, we discuss the roles of omics in understanding genome structure and biocomponents metabolism in various microalgal species to optimize sustainable biofuel production. Application of individual and integrated omics revealed that genes and metabolic pathways of microalgae have been altered under multiple stress conditions, resulting in an increase in biocomponents, providing a research platform for expansion of genetic engineering studies in microalgal strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-624
Number of pages14
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (Grant No. 2017R1A2B2004143 ) and by Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning ( KETEP ) (Grant No. KETEP-20163010092250 ).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

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