This paper analyzes the effects of polarization-mismatch and space-correlation to a multiple-input and single-output (MISO) channel which is observable in the near future cellular communications environments such as large-scale antenna arrays and small cells. The analysis is based on a polarization-mismatched and space-correlated MISO channel which is modeled from the conventional dual-polarized channel. In the MISO channel, polarization-mismatch is described by the polarization-mismatch angle which is uniformly distributed from 0 to the maximum polarization-mismatch angle and space-correlation is described by the exponential correlation model. Assuming high SNR, approximate expressions of the ergodic capacity are derived as a function of the transmit power, number of transmit antennas, maximum polarization-mismatch angle, and space-correlation coefficient in four representative environments: narrowly or widely spread polarization-mismatch angles and slightly or highly correlated channels. Further, the capacity loss introduced by polarization-mismatch and space-correlation is derived with respect to the maximum polarization-mismatch angle and space-correlation coefficient. It is shown that the capacity loss introduced by polarization-mismatch is upper bounded by 2 bit/s/Hz. Whereas, the capacity loss introduced by space-correlation increase with the number of transmit antennas and is upper bounded by 0.832 bit/s/Hz. Required resources to compensate for the capacity loss is derived as well.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics