The isothermal precipitation kinetics of carbides in both strain-free and strained austenite (γ) of a microalloyed steel were quantitatively investigated through the electrical resistivity and transmission electron microscopy. The (Nb,Ti)C carbides at the interfaces of the undissolved (Ti,Nb)(C,N) carbonitrides were observed at all temperatures in strain-free γ. However, for strain-induced precipitation, above 950 °C, the precipitation of (Nb,Ti)C carbides near the undissolved (Ti,Nb)(C,N) carbonitrides was predominant due to the recrystallization of strained γ. Meanwhile, the fine (Nb,Ti,V)C carbides were homogeneously precipitated in non-recrystallized γ at 850 °C and 900 °C, as well as near the undissolved (Ti,Nb)(C,N) particles. The electrical resistivity method was successfully used to quantitatively measure the isothermal precipitation kinetics of carbides in both strain-free and strained γ. The precipitation-time-temperature diagrams of the carbide in strain-free and strained γ, with nose temperatures of 950 °C, were generated and the precipitation kinetics were greatly accelerated by the applied strain.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial and material supports from POSCO , Pohang, Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering