Carbohydrate microarrays have become robust and powerful tools for the rapid analysis of glycan-associated binding events. However, this microarray technology has rarely been applied in studies of glycan-mediated cellular responses. Herein we describe a carbohydrate microarray-based approach for the rapid screening of biologically active glycans that stimulate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through binding to the cell-surface lectin. We employed a microarray assay and a fluorescent ROS probe to identify the functional glycans which enhance ROS production. Cells binding to glycans on the microarrays produced ROS, whose levels were decreased in the presence of a ROS scavenger or a NADPH oxidase inhibitor. The present study leads us to suggest that glycan microarrays are applicable to the simultaneous screening of various glycans whose binding to the cell-surface lectin elicits cellular response.
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