Carbon molecular sieve production from defatted spent coffee ground using ZnCl2 and benzene for gas purification

M. Kaya, M. R. Atelge, M. Bekirogullari, Cigdem Eskicioglu, A. E. Atabani, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Y. S. Yildiz, S. Unalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the current study is to manufacture molecular sieve from the defatted spent coffee ground. The defatted spent coffee ground for the specified particle size (100 μm) was chemically activated with different agents (ZnCl2, H3PO4, KOH) and then carbonized at different temperatures (400–900 °C). A thorough characterization of the produced activated carbon was performed and activated carbons with the highest BET surface area were subsequently used to produce carbon molecular sieve. The surface modification was performed with benzene vapor at different temperatures (600–900 °C) and different combustion times (30–90 min.). In addition to the BET analysis, SEM, TGA and FT-IR analysis were also undertaken. The results obtained through characterizations showed that the pore diameters of carbon molecular sieve produced from defatted spent coffee ground varied from 2 to 4 Å. To conclude, the results suggest that the fabricated carbon molecular sieve can be used for the removal of impurities such as CH4, CO2, NOx and other impurities in natural and biogas considering the porosity of the sieves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118183
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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