Carbon solubility in the CaO-SiO2-3MgO-CaF2 slag system

Jun Yong Park, Sung Mo Jung, Il Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The carbon solubility in the CaO-SiO2-3MgO-CaF2 slag system at 1773 K (1500 °C) was investigated under CO/Ar and CO/N2 gases. Higher extended basicity [(CaO + MgO)/SiO2) increased the carbon solubility in the slag as the activity of free oxygen ions ( α02-] promoted the reaction of the free carbide mechanism. Higher CaF2 also resulted in higher carbon dissolution into the slag as fluorine ions interact with the bridged oxygen (O0) in the melt structure to increase the activity of the free oxygen ions in the melt. Structural information obtained from the Fourier transformed infra-red (FT-IR) and Raman revealed a depolymerization of the network structure as the simpler structural units of NBO/Si = 4 increased and the Si-O-Si bending vibrations decreased with higher basicity and CaF 2 content. This correlated well with higher free oxygen ions (O 2-) in the slag system and subsequently higher carbon dissolution. A correlation of the theoretical optical basicity (Ath) with the logarithm of the carbon content in slag showed a relatively similar trend and an increase of carbon was observed with higher optical basicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-333
Number of pages5
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was partially supported by the BK21PLUS Project at the Division of the Eco-Humantronics Information Materials, the National Science Foundation of Korea Project No. 2012-8-0486 and the Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2009-0093823).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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