Cardiac Vein Accessibility According to Heart Diseases and Sex

Implications for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

Jae Sun Uhm, Je Wook Park, Hancheol Lee, Tae Hoon Kim, Jong Chan Youn, Boyoung Joung, huinam pak, seokmin kang, Moon Hyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and dyssynchrony. We performed the present study to elucidate clinical factors associated with cardiac vein accessibility. Methods: In 255 consecutive patients (age, 48.7 ± 19.4 years; male, 126), cardiac venography was performed during CRT implantation or an electrophysiological study. We measured the diameters and the proximal branching angles of the lateral cardiac and posterior ventricular veins. Easy accessibility of the cardiac vein was defined as a lumen diameter ≥1.6 mm with an angle of ≥90°. We compared baseline characteristics between patients with and without easily accessible cardiac veins. We compared cardiac vein accessibility between patients with and without HF, including ischemic and nonischemic HF, and between males and females. Results: In 189 (74.1%) patients, the cardiac veins were easily accessible. The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with HF (n = 75) compared with patients without HF (n = 180; 89.3% and 67.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with nonischemic HF (n = 56) compared with patients with ischemic HF (n = 19; 96.4% and 68.4%, respectively; P = 0.003). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in females compared with males (79.8% and 68.3%, respectively; P = 0.035). Conclusions: Accessing the cardiac veins for CRT implantation was difficult in ∼10% of patients with HF. Cardiac vein accessibility was high in patients with nonischemic HF and in females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-521
Number of pages9
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

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Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Veins
Heart Diseases
Heart Failure
Phlebography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Uhm, Jae Sun ; Park, Je Wook ; Lee, Hancheol ; Kim, Tae Hoon ; Youn, Jong Chan ; Joung, Boyoung ; pak, huinam ; kang, seokmin ; Lee, Moon Hyoung. / Cardiac Vein Accessibility According to Heart Diseases and Sex : Implications for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy. In: PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology. 2016 ; Vol. 39, No. 6. pp. 513-521.
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abstract = "Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and dyssynchrony. We performed the present study to elucidate clinical factors associated with cardiac vein accessibility. Methods: In 255 consecutive patients (age, 48.7 ± 19.4 years; male, 126), cardiac venography was performed during CRT implantation or an electrophysiological study. We measured the diameters and the proximal branching angles of the lateral cardiac and posterior ventricular veins. Easy accessibility of the cardiac vein was defined as a lumen diameter ≥1.6 mm with an angle of ≥90°. We compared baseline characteristics between patients with and without easily accessible cardiac veins. We compared cardiac vein accessibility between patients with and without HF, including ischemic and nonischemic HF, and between males and females. Results: In 189 (74.1{\%}) patients, the cardiac veins were easily accessible. The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with HF (n = 75) compared with patients without HF (n = 180; 89.3{\%} and 67.8{\%}, respectively; P < 0.001). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with nonischemic HF (n = 56) compared with patients with ischemic HF (n = 19; 96.4{\%} and 68.4{\%}, respectively; P = 0.003). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in females compared with males (79.8{\%} and 68.3{\%}, respectively; P = 0.035). Conclusions: Accessing the cardiac veins for CRT implantation was difficult in ∼10{\%} of patients with HF. Cardiac vein accessibility was high in patients with nonischemic HF and in females.",
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Cardiac Vein Accessibility According to Heart Diseases and Sex : Implications for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy. / Uhm, Jae Sun; Park, Je Wook; Lee, Hancheol; Kim, Tae Hoon; Youn, Jong Chan; Joung, Boyoung; pak, huinam; kang, seokmin; Lee, Moon Hyoung.

In: PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, Vol. 39, No. 6, 01.06.2016, p. 513-521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Cardiac Vein Accessibility According to Heart Diseases and Sex

T2 - Implications for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

AU - Uhm, Jae Sun

AU - Park, Je Wook

AU - Lee, Hancheol

AU - Kim, Tae Hoon

AU - Youn, Jong Chan

AU - Joung, Boyoung

AU - pak, huinam

AU - kang, seokmin

AU - Lee, Moon Hyoung

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and dyssynchrony. We performed the present study to elucidate clinical factors associated with cardiac vein accessibility. Methods: In 255 consecutive patients (age, 48.7 ± 19.4 years; male, 126), cardiac venography was performed during CRT implantation or an electrophysiological study. We measured the diameters and the proximal branching angles of the lateral cardiac and posterior ventricular veins. Easy accessibility of the cardiac vein was defined as a lumen diameter ≥1.6 mm with an angle of ≥90°. We compared baseline characteristics between patients with and without easily accessible cardiac veins. We compared cardiac vein accessibility between patients with and without HF, including ischemic and nonischemic HF, and between males and females. Results: In 189 (74.1%) patients, the cardiac veins were easily accessible. The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with HF (n = 75) compared with patients without HF (n = 180; 89.3% and 67.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with nonischemic HF (n = 56) compared with patients with ischemic HF (n = 19; 96.4% and 68.4%, respectively; P = 0.003). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in females compared with males (79.8% and 68.3%, respectively; P = 0.035). Conclusions: Accessing the cardiac veins for CRT implantation was difficult in ∼10% of patients with HF. Cardiac vein accessibility was high in patients with nonischemic HF and in females.

AB - Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and dyssynchrony. We performed the present study to elucidate clinical factors associated with cardiac vein accessibility. Methods: In 255 consecutive patients (age, 48.7 ± 19.4 years; male, 126), cardiac venography was performed during CRT implantation or an electrophysiological study. We measured the diameters and the proximal branching angles of the lateral cardiac and posterior ventricular veins. Easy accessibility of the cardiac vein was defined as a lumen diameter ≥1.6 mm with an angle of ≥90°. We compared baseline characteristics between patients with and without easily accessible cardiac veins. We compared cardiac vein accessibility between patients with and without HF, including ischemic and nonischemic HF, and between males and females. Results: In 189 (74.1%) patients, the cardiac veins were easily accessible. The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with HF (n = 75) compared with patients without HF (n = 180; 89.3% and 67.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in patients with nonischemic HF (n = 56) compared with patients with ischemic HF (n = 19; 96.4% and 68.4%, respectively; P = 0.003). The cardiac veins were more easily accessible in females compared with males (79.8% and 68.3%, respectively; P = 0.035). Conclusions: Accessing the cardiac veins for CRT implantation was difficult in ∼10% of patients with HF. Cardiac vein accessibility was high in patients with nonischemic HF and in females.

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