Carfilzomib in addition to lenalidomide and dexamethasone in Asian patients with RRMM outside of a clinical trial

the Korean multiple myeloma working party [KMMWP]

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) effectively improve survival in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). However, the outcome of KRd treatment in Asian patients reflecting a general RRMM population outside of a clinical trial has not been reported. Fifty-five RRMM patients who were treated with carfilzomib in combination with Rd from the time of the first approval of KRd in the Republic of Korea were analyzed. The median age was 61 years. The percentage of patients with an ECOG performance status ≥ 3, creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min, high-risk cytogenetics, and ≥ 4 lines of prior treatment were 9%, 22%, 31%, and 27%, respectively. Forty-one patients started treatment with KRd, whereas the remaining 14 patients (25%) were added carfilzomib during the Rd treatment. In the whole cohort, the overall response rate was 73% and progression-free survival was 8.8 months. The addition of carfilzomib in patients who were refractory or had disease progression during Rd treatment reattained a response in half of the patients. The advantage of carfilzomib with Rd was significant in patients in the first relapse. Toxicity profile was acceptable, excluding severe infections. Carfilzomib in combination with Rd is effective and has a reasonable adverse event rate in Asian patients with RRMM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2051-2059
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Dong-A University research fund.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE part of Springer Nature.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology


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