Carvedilol Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Induced Extracellular Matrix Synthesis by Inhibiting Cellular Reactive Oxygen Species and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Activation

Jehyun Park, Hunjoo Ha, Myoung Soo Kim, Hyung Joon Ahn, Kyu Ha Huh, Yu Seun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis are major pathologic features of chronic allograft vasculopathy. Carvedilol, an anti-hypertensive agent, might be an effective agent for preventing the development and progression of chronic allograft vasculopathy, since it can inhibit VSMC proliferation and migration. The present study was designed to examine the effect of carvedilol on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced ECM synthesis in rat VSMCs. Furthermore, we evaluated whether carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Methods: Primary cultured rat VSMCs were stimulated with PDGF-BB (10 ng/ml) in the presence or absence of carvedilol, and the effects of carvedilol were compared with those of ROS or MAPK inhibitors. Fibronectin secretion, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression, and each MAPK activation were determined by Western blot analysis, total collagen synthesis by [3H]-proline incorporation, and cellular ROS by flow cytometry. Results: PDGF significantly increased PCNA expression, fibronectin secretion, total collagen synthesis, cellular ROS, and MAPK activation in rat VSMCs. Carvedilol at doses that inhibited PDGF-induced cell proliferation, inhibited ECM synthesis, cellular ROS, or subsequent MAPK activation. Structurally different anti-oxidants and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase or p38 MAPK inhibitor effectively inhibited PDGF-induced fibronectin secretion and total collagen synthesis. Conclusions: These results suggest that carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation and matrix protein synthesis by inhibiting cellular ROS and the subsequent activation of MAPK. Thus the targeted inhibition of cellular ROS and MAPK might provide an effective therapeutic strategy to treat chronic allograft vasculopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-689
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 1

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Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Extracellular Matrix
Reactive Oxygen Species
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Fibronectins
Cell Proliferation
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Allografts
Collagen
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Cell Movement
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
carvedilol
Proline
Oxidants
Protein Kinases
Antihypertensive Agents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

Cite this

@article{15becc799c1643b4a7dfd595962a4b8c,
title = "Carvedilol Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Induced Extracellular Matrix Synthesis by Inhibiting Cellular Reactive Oxygen Species and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Activation",
abstract = "Background: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis are major pathologic features of chronic allograft vasculopathy. Carvedilol, an anti-hypertensive agent, might be an effective agent for preventing the development and progression of chronic allograft vasculopathy, since it can inhibit VSMC proliferation and migration. The present study was designed to examine the effect of carvedilol on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced ECM synthesis in rat VSMCs. Furthermore, we evaluated whether carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Methods: Primary cultured rat VSMCs were stimulated with PDGF-BB (10 ng/ml) in the presence or absence of carvedilol, and the effects of carvedilol were compared with those of ROS or MAPK inhibitors. Fibronectin secretion, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression, and each MAPK activation were determined by Western blot analysis, total collagen synthesis by [3H]-proline incorporation, and cellular ROS by flow cytometry. Results: PDGF significantly increased PCNA expression, fibronectin secretion, total collagen synthesis, cellular ROS, and MAPK activation in rat VSMCs. Carvedilol at doses that inhibited PDGF-induced cell proliferation, inhibited ECM synthesis, cellular ROS, or subsequent MAPK activation. Structurally different anti-oxidants and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase or p38 MAPK inhibitor effectively inhibited PDGF-induced fibronectin secretion and total collagen synthesis. Conclusions: These results suggest that carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation and matrix protein synthesis by inhibiting cellular ROS and the subsequent activation of MAPK. Thus the targeted inhibition of cellular ROS and MAPK might provide an effective therapeutic strategy to treat chronic allograft vasculopathy.",
author = "Jehyun Park and Hunjoo Ha and Kim, {Myoung Soo} and Ahn, {Hyung Joon} and Huh, {Kyu Ha} and Kim, {Yu Seun}",
year = "2006",
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language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "683--689",
journal = "Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation",
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Carvedilol Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Induced Extracellular Matrix Synthesis by Inhibiting Cellular Reactive Oxygen Species and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Activation. / Park, Jehyun; Ha, Hunjoo; Kim, Myoung Soo; Ahn, Hyung Joon; Huh, Kyu Ha; Kim, Yu Seun.

In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Vol. 25, No. 6, 01.06.2006, p. 683-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Carvedilol Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Induced Extracellular Matrix Synthesis by Inhibiting Cellular Reactive Oxygen Species and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Activation

AU - Park, Jehyun

AU - Ha, Hunjoo

AU - Kim, Myoung Soo

AU - Ahn, Hyung Joon

AU - Huh, Kyu Ha

AU - Kim, Yu Seun

PY - 2006/6/1

Y1 - 2006/6/1

N2 - Background: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis are major pathologic features of chronic allograft vasculopathy. Carvedilol, an anti-hypertensive agent, might be an effective agent for preventing the development and progression of chronic allograft vasculopathy, since it can inhibit VSMC proliferation and migration. The present study was designed to examine the effect of carvedilol on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced ECM synthesis in rat VSMCs. Furthermore, we evaluated whether carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Methods: Primary cultured rat VSMCs were stimulated with PDGF-BB (10 ng/ml) in the presence or absence of carvedilol, and the effects of carvedilol were compared with those of ROS or MAPK inhibitors. Fibronectin secretion, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression, and each MAPK activation were determined by Western blot analysis, total collagen synthesis by [3H]-proline incorporation, and cellular ROS by flow cytometry. Results: PDGF significantly increased PCNA expression, fibronectin secretion, total collagen synthesis, cellular ROS, and MAPK activation in rat VSMCs. Carvedilol at doses that inhibited PDGF-induced cell proliferation, inhibited ECM synthesis, cellular ROS, or subsequent MAPK activation. Structurally different anti-oxidants and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase or p38 MAPK inhibitor effectively inhibited PDGF-induced fibronectin secretion and total collagen synthesis. Conclusions: These results suggest that carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation and matrix protein synthesis by inhibiting cellular ROS and the subsequent activation of MAPK. Thus the targeted inhibition of cellular ROS and MAPK might provide an effective therapeutic strategy to treat chronic allograft vasculopathy.

AB - Background: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis are major pathologic features of chronic allograft vasculopathy. Carvedilol, an anti-hypertensive agent, might be an effective agent for preventing the development and progression of chronic allograft vasculopathy, since it can inhibit VSMC proliferation and migration. The present study was designed to examine the effect of carvedilol on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced ECM synthesis in rat VSMCs. Furthermore, we evaluated whether carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Methods: Primary cultured rat VSMCs were stimulated with PDGF-BB (10 ng/ml) in the presence or absence of carvedilol, and the effects of carvedilol were compared with those of ROS or MAPK inhibitors. Fibronectin secretion, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression, and each MAPK activation were determined by Western blot analysis, total collagen synthesis by [3H]-proline incorporation, and cellular ROS by flow cytometry. Results: PDGF significantly increased PCNA expression, fibronectin secretion, total collagen synthesis, cellular ROS, and MAPK activation in rat VSMCs. Carvedilol at doses that inhibited PDGF-induced cell proliferation, inhibited ECM synthesis, cellular ROS, or subsequent MAPK activation. Structurally different anti-oxidants and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase or p38 MAPK inhibitor effectively inhibited PDGF-induced fibronectin secretion and total collagen synthesis. Conclusions: These results suggest that carvedilol inhibits PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation and matrix protein synthesis by inhibiting cellular ROS and the subsequent activation of MAPK. Thus the targeted inhibition of cellular ROS and MAPK might provide an effective therapeutic strategy to treat chronic allograft vasculopathy.

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