Caspase-2 mediates triglyceride (TG)-induced macrophage cell death

Jaewon Lim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Ki Jong Rhee, Yoon Suk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Triglyceride (TG) accumulation causes macrophage cell death, which affects the development of atherosclerosis. Here, we examined whether caspase-2 is implicated in TG-induced macrophage cell death. We found that caspase-2 activity is increased in TG-treated THP-1 macrophages, and that inhibition of caspase-2 activity drastically inhibits TG-induced cell death. We previously reported that TG-induced macrophage cell death is triggered by caspase-1, and thus investigated the relationship between caspase-2 and caspase-1 in TG-induced macrophage cell death. Inhibition of caspase-2 activity decreased caspase-1 activity in TG-treated macrophages. However, caspase-1 inhibition did not affect caspase-2 activity, suggesting that caspase-2 is upstream of caspase-1. Furthermore, we found that TG induces activation of caspase-3, -7, -8, and -9, as well as cleavage of PARP. Inhibition of caspase-2 and -1 decreased TG-induced caspase-3, -7, -8, and -9 activation and PARP cleavage. Taken together, these results suggest that TG-induced macrophage cell death is mediated via the caspase-2/caspase-1/apoptotic caspases/PARP pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-515
Number of pages6
JournalBMB reports
Volume50
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Caspase 2
Macrophages
Cell death
Caspase 1
Triglycerides
Cell Death
Caspase 7
Caspase 3
Chemical activation
Caspases
Atherosclerosis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Lim, Jaewon ; Kim, Hyun Kyung ; Kim, Sung Hoon ; Rhee, Ki Jong ; Kim, Yoon Suk. / Caspase-2 mediates triglyceride (TG)-induced macrophage cell death. In: BMB reports. 2017 ; Vol. 50, No. 10. pp. 510-515.
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Caspase-2 mediates triglyceride (TG)-induced macrophage cell death. / Lim, Jaewon; Kim, Hyun Kyung; Kim, Sung Hoon; Rhee, Ki Jong; Kim, Yoon Suk.

In: BMB reports, Vol. 50, No. 10, 01.01.2017, p. 510-515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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