Sphingomonas yanoikuyae B1 possesses several different multicomponent oxygenases involved in metabolizing aromatic compounds. Six different pairs of genes encoding large and small subunits of oxygenase iron-sulfur protein components have previously been identified in a gene cluster involved in the degradation of both monocyclic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Insertional inactivation of one of the oxygenase large subunit genes, bphA1c, results in a mutant strain unable to grow on naphthalene, phenanthrene, or salicylate. The knockout mutant accumulates salicylate from naphthalene and 1-hydroxy-2- naphthoic acid from phenanthrene indicating the loss of salicylate oxygenase activity. Complementation experiments verify that the salicylate oxygenase in S. yanoikuyae B1 is a three-component enzyme consisting of an oxygenase encoded by bphA2cA1c, a ferredoxin encoded by the adjacent bphA3, and a ferredoxin reductase encoded by bphA4 located over 25 kb away. Expression of bphA3-bphA2c-bphA1c genes in Escherichia coli demonstrated the ability of salicylate oxygenase to convert salicylate to catechol and 3-, 4-, and 5-methylsalicylate to methylcatechols.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Feb 18|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology