Catalytic and charge transfer properties of transition metal dichalcogenides arising from electrochemical pretreatment

Xinyi Chia, Adriano Ambrosi, Zdenek Sofer, Jan Luxa, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have been the center of attention in the scientific community due to their properties that can be tapped on for applications in electrochemistry and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysis. We report on the effect of electrochemical treatment of exfoliated MoS2, WS2, MoSe2 and WSe2 nanosheets toward the goal of activating the electrochemical and HER catalytic properties of the TMDs. In particular, electrochemical activation of the heterogeneous electron transfer (HET) abilities of MoS2, MoSe2 and WSe2 is achieved via reductive treatments at identified reductive potentials based on their respective inherent electrochemistry. Comparing all TMDs, the charge transfer activation is most accentuated in MoSe2 and can be concluded that Mo metal and Se chalcogen type are more susceptible to electrochemical activation than W metal and S chalcogen type. With regards to the HER, we show that while MoS2 displayed enhanced performance when subjected to electrochemical reduction, WS2 fared worse upon oxidation. On the other hand, the HER performance of MoSe2 and WSe2 is independent of electrochemical redox treatment. We can conclude therefore that for the HER, S-containing TMDs are more responsive to redox treatment than compounds with the Se chalcogen. Our findings are beneficial toward understanding the electrochemistry of TMDs and the extent to which activation by electrochemical means is effective. In turn, when such knowledge is administered aptly, it will be promising for electrochemical uses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5164-5179
Number of pages16
JournalACS Nano
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 26

Fingerprint

Chalcogens
pretreatment
Transition metals
Charge transfer
Hydrogen
transition metals
charge transfer
Electrochemistry
electrochemistry
Chemical activation
activation
hydrogen
Metals
Nanosheets
metals
Catalysis
catalysis
electron transfer
Oxidation
oxidation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Chia, Xinyi ; Ambrosi, Adriano ; Sofer, Zdenek ; Luxa, Jan ; Pumera, Martin. / Catalytic and charge transfer properties of transition metal dichalcogenides arising from electrochemical pretreatment. In: ACS Nano. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 5. pp. 5164-5179.
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Catalytic and charge transfer properties of transition metal dichalcogenides arising from electrochemical pretreatment. / Chia, Xinyi; Ambrosi, Adriano; Sofer, Zdenek; Luxa, Jan; Pumera, Martin.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 9, No. 5, 26.05.2015, p. 5164-5179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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