The performance of solid oxide electrolysis cells for high-temperature co-electrolysis of steam/CO2 mixtures was enhanced by raising the amount of Pd-Ni bimetallic catalysts fabricated inside their fuel-electrode substrate. High-temperature co-electrolysis has been proposed as a promising technology to store renewable electrical energy in the form of chemical energy and convert CO2 to valuable syngas. To deploy it into energy markets, it is essential to improve its energy storage efficiency and syngas productivity. In this study, the catalytic effect of Pd-Ni bimetallic catalysts on electrochemical performance and CO2 conversion was examined to meet these needs. Their homogeneous morphology and distribution were obtained by using an advanced infiltration technique. Increasing the amount of Pd-Ni bimetallic catalysts promotes a reverse water gas shift (RWGS) reaction enhancing steam transport toward the functional layer and hence decreasing a concentration overpotential. This raises a limiting current density and reduces an overvoltage imposed on the cells, in particular, at high current density. In addition, the enhanced RWGS reaction kinetics driven by a higher amount of Pd-Ni bimetallic catalysts loadings enables increasing the CO2 conversion rate and CO concentration in the product stream. These may enhance the energy storage capacity and lowers the energy requirements for high-temperature co-electrolysis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the New and Renewable Energy Core Technology Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20143010031810) and partially supported by the Institutional Research Program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (2E26081).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry