Long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (L-PeAF) is a category in which rhythm control is attempted while atrial fibrillation (AF) is maintained for more than 1 year. Because AF is a progressive disease and L-PeAF accompanies significant electrical and structural remodeling of atria, it is difficult to restore and maintain sinus rhythm in patients with L-PeAF. Nonetheless, the rhythm outcome is being increasingly improved by the development of sophisticated mapping devices, highly efficient catheters, and evidence-based ablation strategies, and the rational choice of patient selection criteria. This review discusses the evolution of the rhythm control outcome of L-PeAF and its future direction of development.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant (HI18C0070) from the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare and a grant (NRF-2017R1A2B4003983) from the Basic Science Research Program run by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), which is funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine