Long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (L-PeAF) is a category in which rhythm control is attempted while atrial fibrillation (AF) is maintained for more than 1 year. Because AF is a progressive disease and L-PeAF accompanies significant electrical and structural remodeling of atria, it is difficult to restore and maintain sinus rhythm in patients with L-PeAF. Nonetheless, the rhythm outcome is being increasingly improved by the development of sophisticated mapping devices, highly efficient catheters, and evidence-based ablation strategies, and the rational choice of patient selection criteria. This review discusses the evolution of the rhythm control outcome of L-PeAF and its future direction of development.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine